M_LAB is our inaugural project that locates itself in the ancient third millennium BCE city of Mohenjo-Daro, Pakistan. This project brings together existing data, new data, and an innovative approach to the research and analysis of that data. Given the significance of this site on the ancient landscape, there is still a lot we do not know about the governance and the daily life of the people of the city. Work conducted on early Indus cities has primarily resulted in reconstructions of political systems within which urbanism existed (for example, Chakrabarti 1999; Jacobson 1986; Jansen 1994; Kenoyer 1998; Possehl 1999; Ratnagar 1991). Attempts to provide political frameworks have led to discursive stalemates, in which the desire to locate the center(s) of power(s), particularly in contrast to other early cities in the Old World, leaves the Indus with the possibility of power, but few indexical markers to demonstrate specifically how that power manifests itself, except as an urban form. The detailed planning of Indus cities suggests, among other things, centralized authority, specialization of craft, a complex society, and a thriving economy (Wright 2010). Moreover, this urban planning project entailed an incredibly comprehensive waste and water management system, and access to water via wells in public and private locations (Rizvi 2011).